What is Phenomenology?

“Phenomenology, in Husserl’s conception, is primarily concerned with the systematic reflection on and study of the structures of consciousness and the phenomena that appear in acts of consciousness. This ontology can be clearly differentiated from the Cartesian method of analysis which sees the world as objects, sets of objects, and objects acting and reacting upon one another.” ((http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenomenology_(philosophy)))

* “For Edmund Husserl, phenomenology is “the reflective study of the essence of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view.”[9] Phenomenology takes the intuitive experience of phenomena (what presents itself to us in phenomenological reflexion) as its starting point and tries to extract from it the essential features of experiences and the essence of what we experience. When generalized to the essential features of any possible experience, this has been called “Transcendental Phenomenology”. Husserl’s view was based on aspects of the work of Franz Brentano and was developed further by philosophers such as Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Max Scheler, Edith Stein, Dietrich von Hildebrand and Emmanuel Levinas.’ ((ibid.))